and Behavioral Biology, Emory University, Atlanta,
Ph.D., Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI,
Postdoctoral Fellowship, Yerkes National Primate Research Center,
Emory University, 2007-2009
FIRST Postdoctoral Fellow, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University,
lie along two different paths related to learning and cognition
by non-human animals. I am interested in the evolution of complex
cognition and the extent to which traits thought of as characteristically
human are shared with other species, like chimpanzees. Understanding
the evolutionary heritage of human behaviors provides a better
understanding of what it means to be human, and what it means
to be chimpanzee. Toward this end, I am focusing my postdoctoral
research on the topic of empathy in chimpanzees.
to identify with other individuals has long been thought to
separate humans from the rest of the animal kingdom. However,
there is a growing body of evidence, both anecdotal and experimental,
that some non-human animals display empathy in one of its many
forms. I am interested in how the ability of chimpanzees to
empathize is associated with other forms of identifying with
other individuals, like imitation. A single underlying mechanism
for empathy and imitation has been posited (Preston & de Waal 2002), and I hope to test this idea empirically.
My other main interest is applying cognition, learning, and the
field of psychology in general to conservation biology. By developing
methods for training captive-bred animals on skills necessary for
life in the wild, I hope to increase survivorship in captive reintroductions,
making them more efficient and more successful. This was the topic
of my doctoral dissertation. In the long term, I want to continue
to pursue both of these areas as parallel lines of research. In
this way I hope to contribute both to our understanding of human
nature and to the conservation of biodiversity.
Hall, K., Oram, M.W., Campbell, M.W., Eppley, T.M., Byrne, R.W., De Waal, F.B. (2014) Using cross correlations to investigate how chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use conspecific gaze cues to extract and exploit information in a foraging competition. Am J Primatol. 2014 Apr 7. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22279. [Epub ahead of print]
Campbell, M.W., de Waal, F.B. (2011) Ingroup-Outgroup Bias in Contagious Yawning by Chimpanzees Supports Link to Empathy. PLoS One. 6(4):e18283.
Campbell, M.W. & de Waal, F.B.M. (2010) Methodological problems in the study of contagious yawning. In: The Mystery of Yawning in Physiology and Disease. Ed: Olivier Walusinski. Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience. Basel, Karger, 28: 120-127.
Haeffel, G.J., Thiessen, E.D., Campbell, M.W., Kaschak, M.P., & McNeil, N.M. (2009) Theory, not cultural context, will advance American psychology. American Psychologist 64: 570-571. (Commentary)
Campbell, M.W., Carter, J.D., Proctor, D., Eisenberg, M.L., & de Waal, F.B.M. (2009) Computer animations stimulate contagious yawning in chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276: 4255-4259. http://www.emory.edu/LIVING_LINKS/animations.html
M.W. & Snowdon, C.T. (2009) Can auditory playback
condition predator mobbing
in captive-reared Saguinus oedipus? International Journal
of Primatology, 30: 93-102.
S.C., Campbell, M.W. & Snowdon, C.T. (2008)
Captive-born cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) respond
similarly to vocalizations of predators and sympatric non-predators. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 707-710.
M.W. & Snowdon, C.T. (2007) Vocal
response of captive-reared Saguinus oedipus during mobbing. International
Journal of Primatology, 28: 257-270.